It was first thought that migraine was due to an expansion of the blood vessels in the brain. We know today that is not the cause but the theory still persists to this day.
Some migraine sufferers have immune system issues that can be responsible for foods triggering a migraine attack. Others also have problems with energy metabolism that can predispose them.
In addition tightness and pain from the neck and surrounding muscles can also increase activity in the pain system making people more likely to suffer migraine attacks. Sleep problems can also be another trigger of migraines.
Getting Relief from Migraine.
Because there're so many factors that come together to produce migraine, it is important that any treatment take all these factors into account. Because so many of these problems are genetic or due to underlying problems that are difficult or even impossible to change, patients need to be realistic and realise that treating migraine is more about managing the condition rather than "fixing" it.
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